What are genital warts and human papillomavirus (HPV)?

Genital warts are growths or bumps in the genital region that are flesh-colored. They are brought on by the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection, human papillomavirus (HPV) (STI).

The HPV virus comes in more than 200 distinct kinds (strains):

The vaginal region can be Best Genital warts infected by over 40 different kinds of HPV. This comprises the vagina, cervix (top of vagina), rectum, and the skin on or around the genitalia (vulva, penis, scrotum, and anus) (anal passage). Most persons who engage in sexual activity will eventually get at least one kind of HPV.

HPV types 6 and 11 are the most common causes of genital warts:

They are distinct from the HPV strains that can result in warts on other body areas (like the hands or feet). Also, they differ.

How do you get genital warts?

Genital wart-causing HPV is mostly transmitted through sexual skin-to-skin contact with an HPV-positive person. Genital-to-genital contact, vaginal, anal, or oral sex, or exchanging sex toys are all examples of sexual skin-to-skin contact.
The majority of HPV infections are spread when a person has no symptoms and is not aware they are infected. Warts cannot spread from other body regions (such the hands and feet) to the vaginal region.
Every sexually active person is susceptible to HPV. Whether your sexual partner(s) are of the same sex as you or a different sex can be passed on.

How would I know if I have genital warts?

Most HPV carriers are unaware of their condition since they show no symptoms. Most of the time, a person will not be aware they have the virus since their immune system will usually eliminate it.

Some people may see signs like:

a flesh-colored mass or many lumps in the genital area unusual itchiness or pain there excessive or irregular vaginal bleeding, anus (particularly after sex), or discomfort while having sex.
It might be challenging to determine when you were infected with genital warts because they can take weeks to years to grow.
A typical sexual health test does not include checking for genital warts. Often, you won’t be evaluated unless you exhibit symptoms.

What does a test involve?

A doctor or nurse can identify genital warts by looking at any bumps you may have observed. When getting screened for genital warts, you might elect to also get tested for additional STIs or BBVs.

More details on STI and BBV tests:

Victorians may get skilled, private STI and BBV testing through Sexual Health Victoria (SHV). On a variety of issues related to reproductive and sexual health, we also offer professional advice, medical care, and assistance. You may schedule an appointment online or visit one of our clinics for additional details about SHV clinical services.

How are genital warts treated?

If you have HPV, it remains in your body until your immune system removes it. This might need months or even years. Nonetheless, there are a number of efficient HPV-related genital wart therapy alternatives.

Treatment options for genital warts include:

Cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen) can be used to freeze warts. Warts can also be removed with laser therapy or a simple surgical operation.
Warts can recur after therapy because the focus of treatment is on the outward manifestations of the virus rather than the virus itself. No matter what you do for therapy, the warts will go away after your immune system has eradicated the virus.

During genital wart therapy, you might need to refrain from sexual activity or utilise barrier protection (dental dams, internal condoms, or external condoms). a few creams

Where do I get treatment?

The drugs to cure genital warts or a prescription that you may take to the pharmacy will be given to you by your doctor or nurse. Without a prescription, you cannot purchase over-the-counter drugs to cure genital warts. Your doctor, nurse, or a specialist will provide all additional HPV symptom therapies at the clinic.

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